Joseph Stalin is regarded as the bloodiest leader in history. In the USSR, he was the dictator. Stalin was coldblooded, cold and hard. He began using the name Stalin in 1910. It is usually interpreted’man with steel’. His image was one of a man who had a strict, hard-lined approach. Stalin took control of the Soviet Union after Lenin died in 1924. Lenin said that Stalin wasn’t the best leader to follow and that he couldn’t trust him. He believed Stalin to be a dangerous person. Stalin’s own skills and understanding of the Communist Party allowed him to rise to a position of great power by 1928. Trotsky, who had accumulated power, was banished from the Communist Party in 1929. Stalin, on the other hand, was now a supreme dictator. Stalin changed the Soviet Union’s status from one of a peasant-based society to that of a superpower.
He was a ruthless ruler, however, and many of the people he ruled over died as a result.1937-19382. The Great Purge Known as the Great Terror or the Great Purge in Russian, this period of Russian history between the years 1937 and 1938 was one that is remembered for its darkness. The wired fences that surrounded the camps, the watchtowers and the laborious camp hunts are all evidence of the suffering millions of Soviets citizens endured under Joseph Stalin. He set up a totalitarian government by eliminating all political rivals in Soviet society. The Great Purge stood out because Stalin’s tactic of terrorism allowed him to retain his authority. Stalin would have failed to create the USSR if he had simply used his persuasion skills. Russia’s Army was better prepared than the Germans, even though they weren’t ready for them. The only way Russia could hold together was by using terror. Stalin’s continued rule after World War II was largely due to terror. The Long March () The Long March was a major event in China’s history.
In the early months of 1934, the Red Army crossed 6,000 miles to reach northern China from Jiangxi, fleeing Kuomintang. Chinese Communists escaped and avoided direct confrontation as a result of the Kuomintang chasing them. I chose Long March instead Shanghai Massacre. Because the Long March has been known as a successful military withdrawal that allowed the Communists to control all of China. Mao Tse Tung, the leader of the Chinese Communist Party was appointed during this time. This was a significant event which would shape the future development of the Chinese Communist Party. Shanghai Massacre was not a success and didn’t have the ability to compete effectively against Communists.
The Long March was my choice over the Shanghai Massacre.19304. The Salt MarchThe Salt March, a nonviolent anti-British protest movement was the plan of the Salt March. Mahatma Gandhi, along with a few of his closest supporters, began the Salt March on 12th march 1930. They traveled about 240 kilometres to the western side India using the seawater from a village near the coast called Dandi. They protested the British government for taxing salt and allowing Indians to only purchase salt from government sources.
The British used brutal violence on the Indians in order to gain control over them. Indians were revealing their morals by refusing to fight and continuing to disobey laws. This gave us the impression that the British couldn’t control India. And they appeared evil. India would be able gain independence from Britain once the British House of Commons approved the Indian Independence Act.19355.
The Government of India Act is officially passed by British Parliament on August 1935. India was granted limited democratic rights and local self-government, but not complete independence. The Government of India Act, however, also fuelled tensions between Muslims & Hindus. The two groups had opposing visions of India as a future independent country. Hindus dwarfed Indian Muslims who expected Hindus to take control of India in the event that India gained autonomy. It was vital that there was some autonomy granted to the provinces. The Indians would gain more representation in the new parliamentary systems. They also had greater voting rights. In 1909, only 25% of India’s population could vote. It was the first and last time this was allowed. 19056. Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity In 1905, Albert Einstein proposed the theory that all laws of physics were the same in the entire universe. Three simple explanations can be used to quickly and simply explain this theory. First, it is important to note that there are no “absolute frames of reference”.
Each time an object was measured, its velocity or momentum could be correlated to another thing. Second, light speed remained constant no matter who measured or estimated it. Third, light is the fastest thing that can move. It was notable that this theory altered people’s perceptions of the world. Isaac Newton had believed the laws of gravity and motion to be absolute. This theory contributed to the real-life knowledge and applications of other scientists: gold’s natural yellow color, mercury in liquid form, cathode Ray Tubes found in old televisions. Stock Market Crash After the Federal Reserve artificially decreased interest rates, which caused a “boom,” people were able to borrow money and invest. Interest rates rising caused deflation resulting in sharp drops in stock and commodities prices.
The dollar’s strength caused everyone to sell off their possessions. But the money supply was also reduced, so it was difficult to expand an economy. Stock Market Crash didn’t bring about the Great Depression. It merely accelerated the collapse of the American economy, making the Depression even more difficult. This resulted in bank failures, an economic collapse, high unemployment rates, and high inflation. About a decade-and-a-half was needed to recover the American economy. This crisis taught the next generation many important lessons. The government has created numerous regulations to ensure that another major crash will never occur. The New DealThe New Deal, an American domestic program launched by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during his presidency in 1935. It was designed to provide immediate economic reliefs as well as help with changes in agriculture, industry, finance and house development, along with waterpower.
The New Deal failed to end the Great Depression. The New Deal did not end the Depression. New Deal has changed government forever. Before the New Deal era, people believed they should take care themselves. Federal government was not responsible for their financial security. New Deal changed everything. Suddenly, the federal government was responsible for ensuring the people’s financial security.
The New Deal of FDR continues to help Americans even today. Some of the important programs that are still around offer insurances and benefits, such as the National Pension System and Oversight of Labor Practices. Benito Mussolini was the founder of fascism, the official ideologie of Italy’s National Fascist Party. Fascism began due to Italy’s defeats in WWI and its disappointment at not receiving the promised territorial gains from the British. The “Red Years”, in which the Socialist Party dominated, were a result of this. The government, which had gained power by exploiting the local class, had also led to rising unemployment and inflation.
The Fascist Party became important because people wanted change, as the ineffective government was unable to solve problems. Mussolini understood that Italy was poor compared with France and Britain after 1918. In order to achieve this, Mussolini devised a plan that involved two aspects: attacking trade union power and, therefore, controlling workers. Mussolini’s fascist government changed Italy’s political system and transformed it into a dictatorship backed by terror. The economy was brought under the control of the state and there were changes in domestic life. The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression PactOn August 23, 1939, the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact had been signed just days before WWII began. A public agreement between Stalin, Hitler, and other officials was made. It ensured that neither side would attack eachother for 10 years and, if any problems did arise, they would be solved amicably. This secret protocol also contained a major agreement for Eastern Europe. Germany offered the Baltic States to the Soviets in exchange of their agreement not to take part in the possible future war. Poland was the first and only country to sign a separation agreement between them.
Hitler wanted Poland to be acquired without the use of military forces. He also wished to avoid the possibility that Germany would fight a second front war in WWI which could have divided its forces and weaken their offensives. Germany’s attempt to conquer Poland without the Soviets was successful. Hitler broke the agreement until Germany’s surprise invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941.